Online Master in Middle East

See Online Master's Degrees in Middle East 2017

Master

A master program may be offered in a variety of different fields, allowing students of almost any subject to enhance their knowledge and improve their credentials. This degree generally takes one to three years to obtain, although requirements may vary.

Nothing helps scholars grow like exposure to a diverse set of ideals and backgrounds and that’s just what any student will get in the Middle East. From ancient civilizations to modern day cultures, scholars have the opportunity to experience new things in this region.

Master in Middle East Online

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Masters Degree In Canon Law Forum For Professionals

Universidad Pontificia De Salamanca
Online Full time Part time October 2017 Spain Salamanca + 1 more

The increase in recent years of marriage cases that come before the ecclesiastical courts and the disappearance in almost all the Spanish universities, specific training in canon law, [+]

Online Master's Degrees in Middle East 2017. Program Description The increase in recent years of marriage cases that come before the ecclesiastical courts and the disappearance in almost all the Spanish universities, specific training in canon law, is necessary to provide quality training for those professionals who wish intervene in these cases. This own Master of the Faculty of Canon Law, a course-long, fully on-line, is particularly aimed at those professionals (lawyers, solicitors, notaries, psychologists, psychiatrists, mediators and family counselors) who want to balance their working life with specialized studies in canon matrimonial and procedural law. Training is ensured by the presence of the team of professors from the Faculty of Canon Law, with a long teaching and research career in the subjects they teach. GOALS Address the lack of specialized training in the field of canon law professionals wishing to intervene in matrimonial cases before the ecclesiastical courts and provide quality training. Guide students to acquire adequate knowledge of the most important current problems in the different branches of canonical matrimonial and procedural law. Give students a basic canonical training complete university previous studies and enable them to act before the courts of the Catholic Church as lawyers cast, experts, notaries, attorneys or other related to the administration of justice offices in the Church . Bring these studies to all those who have the ability to take such courses in person or by work or family issues, lack of access to a Faculty of Canon Law at their places... [-]

Master In Public Administration (mpa)

University of Nicosia
Online Full time September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia Greece Athens + 2 more

The program allows for specialization in the discipline of public administration in theory and practice. Specifically, postgraduate training is provided to officers of the public sector and individuals who intend to work in this sector (Public Service, Semi-governmental Organizations, Local Government (Municipalities and Communities), Public Organizations and Agencies). [+]

Duration (years): 3 semesters Qualification Awarded: Master's Degree in Public Administration Level of Qualification: Master (2nd Cycle) Language of Instruction: Greek Mode of Study: Full or Part Time Minimum Credits: 27 Minimum ECTS Credits: 90 Profile of the Programme: The program allows for specialization in the discipline of public administration in theory and practice. Specifically, postgraduate training is provided to officers of the public sector and individuals who intend to work in this sector (Public Service, Semi-governmental Organizations, Local Government (Municipalities and Communities), Public Organizations and Agencies). The main objective of the Program is to develop a horizontal learning culture in public administration matters in Cyprus. Particular emphasis is placed on understanding the theoretical models of Public Administration and the systematic examination of the models and practices of Public Administration in Cyprus. In this context, it highlights the nature and functioning of public administration, details the way in which areas and services are related and influence each other, and identify issues that need special attention in order to produce practical and applied knowledge in dealing with current problems and challenges. Specific Objectives The first specific objective of the Programme is to improve the efficiency and productivity of workers in the public sector. The second specific objective is to understand the challenges posed by the accession of Cyprus to the EU and the structure of global governance for Public Administration. Students will have the opportunity to not elaborate on the research and application of models and practices of Public Administration at... [-]

Master In Education Sciences - Theory, Practice And Evaluation Of Teaching

University of Nicosia
Online Full time Part time September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia Greece Athens + 3 more

The purpose of the program is twofold. On the one hand, help the student to acquire deep knowledge in the field of specialization through (a) the monitoring of educational courses in an advanced level, (b) study the relevant literature, and (c) interaction with Faculty and other students. On the other, the program aims at fostering research skills through (a) the monitoring of specific quantitative and qualitative research courses, (b) small scale investigations in the various courses and / or drafting Master Thesis, and (c) participation in seminars / conferences research content. [+]

Online Master's Degrees in Middle East 2017. Duration (years): 3 semesters Qualification Awarded: Educational Sciences: Theory, Practice and Evaluation of Instruction (MEd, 3 semesters) Level of Qualification: 2nd cycle (Masters Degree) Language of Instruction: Greek Mode of Study: Full and part-time Minimum Credits: 30 Minimum ECTS Credits: 90 Profile of the Programme: 7.1 Purpose The purpose of the program is twofold. On the one hand, help the student to acquire deep knowledge in the field of specialization through (a) the monitoring of educational courses in an advanced level, (b) study the relevant literature, and (c) interaction with Faculty and other students. On the other, the program aims at fostering research skills through (a) the monitoring of specific quantitative and qualitative research courses, (b) small scale investigations in the various courses and / or drafting Master Thesis, and (c) participation in seminars / conferences research content. In general, the overall aim of the program is to help the student to become an independent thinker and scientist educator. 7.2 Objectives To promote and support quality teaching through the analysis of sociological, philosophical and psychological assumptions regarding the organization, conduct and evaluation of teaching. To contribute to the modernization of teaching, guiding and exercising advisory role both in the development programs at school level and in terms of the organization, conduct and evaluation of teaching. Deepen the research findings as well as methodological issues relating to the organization and conduct of teaching. To utilize the latest technology for teaching and learning purposes. Deepen... [-]

Master In Education Sciences - Teaching Of Mathematics And Physical Sciences

University of Nicosia
Online Full time Part time September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia Greece Athens + 3 more

The purpose of the program is twofold. On the one hand, help the student to acquire deep knowledge in the field of specialization through (a) the monitoring of educational courses in an advanced level, (b) study the relevant literature, and (c) interaction with Faculty and other students. On the other, the program aims at fostering research skills through (a) the monitoring of specific quantitative and qualitative research courses, (b) small scale investigations in the various courses and / or drafting Master Thesis, and (c) participation in seminars / conferences research content. [+]

Duration (years): 3 semesters Qualification Awarded: Education Sciences: Teaching Mathematics and Science Education (MEd, 3 semesters) Level of Qualification: 2nd cycle (Masters Degree) Language of Instruction: Greek Mode of Study: Full and part-time Minimum Credits: 30 Minimum ECTS Credits: 90 Profile of the Programme: 7.1 Purpose The purpose of the program is twofold. On the one hand, help the student to acquire deep knowledge in the field of specialization through (a) the monitoring of educational courses in an advanced level, (b) study the relevant literature, and (c) interaction with Faculty and other students. On the other, the program aims at fostering research skills through (a) the monitoring of specific quantitative and qualitative research courses, (b) small scale investigations in the various courses and / or drafting Master Thesis, and (c) participation in seminars / conferences research content. In general, the overall aim of the program is to help the student to become an independent thinker and scientist educator. 7.2 Objectives To monitor the progress of modern research in their area and collaborate with colleagues to explore issues and problems facing the educational community. Identify and / or produce and test relevant teaching materials and to disperse the teachers of their specialty. To undertake action research and communicate their findings to the school site and in the wider community, eg lectures seminars or otherwise. To serve as reference people, as to the specific items to colleagues both at school level and in the education system level. Career Prospects: Graduates of the... [-]

Master In Education Sciences - Teaching Of Language And Literature

University of Nicosia
Online Full time Part time September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia Greece Athens + 3 more

The purpose of the program is twofold. On the one hand, help the student to acquire deep knowledge in the field of specialization through (a) the monitoring of educational courses in an advanced level, (b) study the relevant literature, and (c) interaction with Faculty and other students. On the other, the program aims at fostering research skills through (a) the monitoring of specific quantitative and qualitative research courses, (b) small scale investigations in the various courses and / or drafting Master Thesis, and (c) participation in seminars / conferences research content. [+]

Online Master's Degrees in Middle East 2017. Duration (years): 3 semesters Qualification Awarded: Education: Science Teaching Language and Literature (MEd, 3 semesters) Level of Qualification: 2nd cycle (Masters Degree) Language of Instruction: Greek Mode of Study: Full and part-time Minimum Credits: 30 Minimum ECTS Credits: 90 Profile of the Programme: 7.1 Purpose The purpose of the program is twofold. On the one hand, help the student to acquire deep knowledge in the field of specialization through (a) the monitoring of educational courses in an advanced level, (b) study the relevant literature, and (c) interaction with Faculty and other students. On the other, the program aims at fostering research skills through (a) the monitoring of specific quantitative and qualitative research courses, (b) small scale investigations in the various courses and / or drafting Master Thesis, and (c) participation in seminars / conferences research content. In general, the overall aim of the program is to help the student to become an independent thinker and scientist educator. 7.2 Objectives Get acquainted with the necessary research and methodological tools in order to lead them to independent scientific research through the development of critical thinking and acquisition of skills for managing scientific aspects of language and literature. Acquire all those specialized knowledge and methods that are necessary for a variety of innovative applications, linguistics, teaching-methodological and pedagogical, with emphasis on interactive environments and interdisciplinary concepts. Cultivate their interest in linguistic diversity, cultural and cultural wealth, develop skills that will gradually act as resultant development of... [-]

Master In Education Sciences - Special Education

University of Nicosia
Online Full time Part time September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia Greece Athens + 3 more

The purpose of the program is twofold. On the one hand, help the student to acquire deep knowledge in the field of specialization through (a) the monitoring of educational courses in an advanced level, (b) study the relevant literature, and (c) interaction with Faculty and other students. On the other, the program aims at fostering research skills through (a) the monitoring of specific quantitative and qualitative research courses, (b) small scale investigations in the various courses and / or drafting Master Thesis, and (c) participation in seminars / conferences research content. [+]

Duration (years): 3 semesters Qualification Awarded: Educational Sciences: Special Education (MEd, 3 semesters) Level of Qualification: 2nd cycle (Masters Degree) Language of Instruction: Greek Mode of Study: Full and part-time Minimum Credits: 30 Minimum ECTS Credits: 90 Profile of the Programme: 7.1 Purpose The purpose of the program is twofold. On the one hand, help the student to acquire deep knowledge in the field of specialization through (a) the monitoring of educational courses in an advanced level, (b) study the relevant literature, and (c) interaction with Faculty and other students. On the other, the program aims at fostering research skills through (a) the monitoring of specific quantitative and qualitative research courses, (b) small scale investigations in the various courses and / or drafting Master Thesis, and (c) participation in seminars / conferences research content. In general, the overall aim of the program is to help the student to become an independent thinker and scientist educator. 7.2 Objectives To become more aware and sensitive to fundamental concepts, principles and models of Special Education and (future) energetic teachers in educational practice issues in this area. Deepen the content and logic of modern trends, theories and research relating to Special Education. Be informed comprehensively about the scope and content of the forms of special educational needs of the child are the subject of Special Education as well as the interdisciplinary nature in the context of diagnosis, interpreting and dealing in the modern school. To understand the philosophy, the necessity and implementation strategies of... [-]

Master In Education Sciences - Music Education

University of Nicosia
Online Full time Part time September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia Greece Athens + 3 more

The purpose of the program is twofold. On the one hand, help the student to acquire deep knowledge in the field of specialization through (a) the monitoring of educational courses in an advanced level, (b) study the relevant literature, and (c) interaction with Faculty and other students. On the other, the program aims at fostering research skills through (a) the monitoring of specific quantitative and qualitative research courses, (b) small scale investigations in the various courses and / or drafting Master Thesis, and (c) participation in seminars / conferences research content. [+]

Online Master's Degrees in Middle East 2017. Duration (years): 3 semesters Qualification Awarded: Education: Science Music Education (MEd, 3 semesters) Level of Qualification: 2nd cycle (Masters Degree) Language of Instruction: Greek Mode of Study: Full and part-time Minimum Credits: 30 Minimum ECTS Credits: 90 Profile of the Programme: 7.1 Purpose The purpose of the program is twofold. On the one hand, help the student to acquire deep knowledge in the field of specialization through (a) the monitoring of educational courses in an advanced level, (b) study the relevant literature, and (c) interaction with Faculty and other students. On the other, the program aims at fostering research skills through (a) the monitoring of specific quantitative and qualitative research courses, (b) small scale investigations in the various courses and / or drafting Master Thesis, and (c) participation in seminars / conferences research content. In general, the overall aim of the program is to help the student to become an independent thinker and scientist educator. 7.2 Objectives Preparing the education system managers with a deeper knowledge in Music and Music Pedagogy and didactics. To analyze the philosophical, sociological and psychological dimensions of education and understand their importance for effective teaching and learning in Music. To acquire specialized knowledge, methods and approaches that will help them innovate in the field of music and their teaching. Acquire skills to manage practical aspects of the teaching of music and design educational interventions for effective solution of problems in various contexts. Select and produce teaching materials based... [-]

Master In Education Sciences - Educational Technology

University of Nicosia
Online Full time Part time September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia Greece Athens + 3 more

The purpose of the program is twofold. On the one hand, help the student to acquire deep knowledge in the field of specialization through (a) the monitoring of educational courses in an advanced level, (b) study the relevant literature, and (c) interaction with Faculty and other students. On the other, the program aims at fostering research skills through (a) the monitoring of specific quantitative and qualitative research courses, (b) small scale investigations in the various courses and / or drafting Master Thesis, and (c) participation in seminars / conferences research content. [+]

Duration (years): 3 semesters Qualification Awarded: Education Sciences: Educational Technology (MEd, 3 semesters) Level of Qualification: 2nd cycle (Masters Degree) Language of Instruction: Greek Mode of Study: Full and part-time Minimum Credits: 30 Minimum ECTS Credits: 90 Profile of the Programme: 7.1 Purpose The purpose of the program is twofold. On the one hand, help the student to acquire deep knowledge in the field of specialization through (a) the monitoring of educational courses in an advanced level, (b) study the relevant literature, and (c) interaction with Faculty and other students. On the other, the program aims at fostering research skills through (a) the monitoring of specific quantitative and qualitative research courses, (b) small scale investigations in the various courses and / or drafting Master Thesis, and (c) participation in seminars / conferences research content. In general, the overall aim of the program is to help the student to become an independent thinker and scientist educator. 7.2 Objectives To prepare teachers who will be able to apply modern design approaches to teaching through the use of educational technology. Apply in practice the results of research and innovations related to the use of technology in the teaching program. Promote and / or identify teaching means for the design of teaching and to inform other teachers. Monitor research results and trends in educational technology. Assume the same action-research and communicate the results of their research efforts in the educational community. To act as agents of change in their professional environment. Career Prospects: Graduates... [-]

Master In Education Sciences - Educational Leadership And Administration

University of Nicosia
Online Full time Part time September 2017 Cyprus Nicosia Greece Athens + 3 more

The purpose of the program is twofold. On the one hand, help the student to acquire deep knowledge in the field of specialization through (a) the monitoring of educational courses in an advanced level, (b) study the relevant literature, and (c) interaction with Faculty and other students. On the other, the program aims at fostering research skills through (a) the monitoring of specific quantitative and qualitative research courses, (b) small scale investigations in the various courses and / or drafting Master Thesis, and (c) participation in seminars / conferences research content. [+]

Online Master's Degrees in Middle East 2017. Duration (years): 3 semesters Qualification Awarded: Education Sciences: Educational Leadership and Administration (MEd, 3 semesters) Level of Qualification: 2nd cycle (Masters Degree) Language of Instruction: Greek Mode of Study: Full and part-time Minimum Credits: 30 Minimum ECTS Credits: 90 Profile of the Programme: 7.1 Purpose The purpose of the program is twofold. On the one hand, help the student to acquire deep knowledge in the field of specialization through (a) the monitoring of educational courses in an advanced level, (b) study the relevant literature, and (c) interaction with Faculty and other students. On the other, the program aims at fostering research skills through (a) the monitoring of specific quantitative and qualitative research courses, (b) small scale investigations in the various courses and / or drafting Master Thesis, and (c) participation in seminars / conferences research content. In general, the overall aim of the program is to help the student to become an independent thinker and scientist educator. 7.2 Objectives To understand basic concepts, principles and models of educational leadership and administration. To perceive the school unit as an open system, which, on one hand, is in dialectical relationship with the wider environment in which it operates and, in turn, regulates rationalize its action for recovery of input it receives, on the arrangements for the procedures followed and to maximize its effectiveness. To understand the dynamics of the team and utilizing human resources in the school organization for conversion to a community of learners.... [-]

Graduate In The Science Of Education

Open University Of Cyprus
Online Full time Part time September 2017 Cyprus Cyprus Online + 1 more

The Master of Science in Education aims to (a) research into pedagogical studies with particular emphasis on the fields of organization, administration, assessment and curricula in education as well as in continuing education, (b) the provision of specialized pedagogical knowledge (C) co-operation with similar programs, European and other universities and research centers; (d) the preparation of high-level executives and researchers; The context in which education operates and the desire to act creatively and productively; and (e) the provision of services to the wider educational community in pedagogical matters. [+]

The postgraduate program Educational Sciences Has as its main mission: Research on pedagogical studies with particular emphasis on the fields of organization, administration, evaluation and curricula in education as well as in continuing education The provision of specialized pedagogical knowledge to teachers of all levels Collaboration with similar programs, European and other universities and research centers The preparation of high-level executives and researchers who perceive the context in which education operates and want to act creatively and productively The provision of services to the wider educational community in pedagogical matters. Structure of the Program To obtain a Masters Degree Master degree, students choose one of the following schemes: Figure A: Successful monitoring and examination of three thematic units and Master Thesis is required. Figure B: Successful monitoring and examination of four thematic units is required. Students, under the supervision and guidance of teachers, are required at each school. To prepare three (3) written assignments and, if they have obtained the necessary marks, entitle them to participate in the final examinations. An application for a Master's thesis may be submitted after the completion of the second (2nd) Thematic Module. The dissertation can be submitted immediately after the third (3rd) And not later than one academic year after it is completed. Students can follow one of the four academic guidelines to ensure the scientific consistency of the Program. The individual web pages describe the Thematic Modules on which each academic direction is organized. The student can choose up to two (2) Thematic... [-]

Master in Enterprise Risk Management

Open University Of Cyprus
Online Full time Part time September 2017 Cyprus Cyprus Online + 1 more

This Master’s programme in Enterprise Risk Management is designed to provide formal education contemporary Risk Management and its natural extensions to Crisis and Emergency Management to graduates. [+]

Online Master's Degrees in Middle East 2017. Enterprise Risk Management is increasingly being recognized as the key for achieving and driving sustainable organizational performance, regardless if the organization is active in the public sector or the private sector and industrial domains. This Master’s programme in Enterprise Risk Management is designed to provide formal education contemporary Risk Management and its natural extensions to Crisis and Emergency Management to graduates. This Master’s programme in Enterprise Risk Management is designed around four year-long thematic units which capture the essential knowledge, and skills that are essential to a competent and contemporary Chief Risk Officer in any type of organization or enterprise. The programme is composed by 120 ECTS (European Credit Transfer System). The programme is offered jointly by the Open University of Cyprus and the Hellenic Open University. Target Audience The Master programme in Enterprise Risk Management is likely to attract industry-sponsored applicants or even groups, i.e. from organizations that are in the process of developing or strengthening their own risk management functions. The tight focus of the program on all aspects of risk management but in a generic format makes it an ideal postgraduate course in Risk Management for candidates from all over the world to apply for the qualification. Programme Structure For the successful completion of the Master programme, students must follow and successfully pass examinations in four (4) compulsory Modules (credited with 20 ECTS per module) and the Master’s Thesis (credited with 40 ECTS). Students are required to prepare four written... [-]

Graduate In Management, Technology And Quality

Open University Of Cyprus
Online Full time Part time September 2017 Cyprus Cyprus Online + 1 more

The postgraduate program "ADMINISTRATION, TECHNOLOGY AND QUALITY" has as its main mission the provision of specialized knowledge and practices in the fields of Management, Technology and Quality and the preparation of high-level executives to act creatively and productively. In addition, it enables graduates to apply this knowledge and skills to their work environment. [+]

The postgraduate curriculum Management, Technology and Quality Has as its main mission: The provision of specialized knowledge and practices in the fields of Management, Technology and Quality. In addition, it enables graduates to apply this knowledge and skills to their work environment. The preparation of high-level executives to act creatively and productively. More specifically, the Program has the following objectives: To contribute to the graduation of executives who will have modern and complete knowledge of accounting processes.

Student understanding of theoretical and applied accounting issues.

The analysis of the financial statements with the use of specific scientific tools aimed at drawing conclusions on the economic course and the future of an economic organization with the ultimate goal of making the most effective decision making by its executives (or external users of information such as Potential investors). ... [-]


Graduate In European Union Law

Open University Of Cyprus
Online Full time Part time September 2017 Cyprus Cyprus Online + 1 more

The European Union's law on inter-university postgraduate law has the main task of scientific research and training in the field of European Union law. Particular emphasis is placed on the most important legislative and case-law developments concerning the key areas of this law, such as the four fundamental freedoms of the Internal Market, the protection of human rights, free competition, [+]

Online Master's Degrees in Middle East 2017. The interdisciplinary postgraduate program LAW OF THE EUROPEAN UNION Has as its main mission the Scientific research and training on the subject of European Union law. Particular emphasis is placed on the most important legislative and case-law developments concerning the key areas of this law, such as the four fundamental freedoms of the Internal Market, the protection of human rights, free competition, The program is offered in conjunction with the European University of Cyprus as Joint degree. Structure of the Program For the completion of the postgraduate course of study EUROPEAN UNION LAW, the postgraduate student must Be successfully examined in eight (8) six-month Thematic Modules (TH): Six Teachers Obligatory monitoring of research, theoretical and practical content and two Of the four offered within two different courses of study-specialization (European Competition Law and European Business Law). Students, under the supervision and guidance of teachers, are required at each school. To prepare two (2) written assignments and, once they have obtained the required marks, entitle them to participate in the final examinations. The structure of the postgraduate program is described below. 1st Year of Studies Thematic Modules of Mandatory, Joint Monitoring: First bout WEU111: Institutional Law of the European Union WEU112: Internal Market Law Second period ITU121: Judicial Protection in the European Union WEU122: Protection of Human Rights 2nd Year of Studies Thematic Modules of Mandatory, Joint Monitoring: First bout WEU211: Environmental Protection Law WEU212: Consumer Protection Law Selection Topics: Second period European Competition... [-]

Graduate In Banking And Finance

Open University Of Cyprus
Online Full time Part time September 2017 Cyprus Cyprus Online + 1 more

The purpose of the Postgraduate Program of Banking and Finance is to prepare and strengthen financial institution executives through the acquisition of specialized financial and banking knowledge and skills so that they can respond effectively to the new facts of the modern internationalized market. The Postgraduate Program emphasizes the development of critical thinking and discipline so that students are able to cope with the challenges of modern financial institutions and banks and gain a comprehensive analysis of the key issues related to the Cognitive Objects of the Program. [+]

The purpose of the Postgraduate Study Program Banking and Finance Is to prepare and empower executives of financial institutions through the acquisition of specialized financial and banking knowledge and skills so that they can respond effectively to the new facts of the modern internationalized market. The Postgraduate Program emphasizes the development of critical thinking and discipline so that students are able to cope with the challenges of modern financial institutions and banks and gain a comprehensive analysis of the key issues related to the Cognitive Objects of the Program. Structure of the Program Successful follow-up and examination of four (4) Thematic Units And elaboration Master Thesis Leads to a postgraduate degree in Banking and Finance. The students, under the supervision and guidance of their teachers, are invited to each school. To prepare at least four written assignments and, if they have obtained the required marks, entitle them to take part in the final examinations. Topics TOIK 50 - Banking Environment TOIK 51 - Banking Management TOIK 60 - Finance TOIK 61 - Accounting Master's thesis Topics Year Compulsory / Optional Prerequisites Co-Required Hours ECTS TOIK50 Banking Environment 1 Compulsory ... [-]

Graduate In Social Information Systems

Open University Of Cyprus
Online Full time Part time September 2017 Cyprus Cyprus Online + 1 more

The aim of the MSc in Social Information Systems is to help students develop the skills needed to understand and improve interactions between people, information and technology. In order to achieve this goal, the program teaches theory, principles and good practices, stemming not only from computer science and information science, but also from the social sciences. [+]

Online Master's Degrees in Middle East 2017. The aim of the postgraduate curriculum Social Information Systems Is to help students develop the skills needed to understand and improve interactions between people, information and technology. In order to achieve this goal, the program teaches theory, principles and good practices, stemming not only from computer science and information science, but also from the social sciences. In particular, the postgraduate program has as its core mission: Research on the design and analysis of social information systems with emphasis on the technologies they support Collaboration between end users, eg. Wiki, open source / open source software Collective intelligence, e.g. Forums and user-contributed content collections Social interaction, e.g. Social networking sites - Facebook, Twitter, Human computing, e.g. Job outsourcing (crowdsourcing) ... [-]